This Digital multimeter is a kind of convenient operation, accurate reading, complete function, small size, easy to carry and use battery as power, handheld and. Learn how you can make all kinds of electronic measurements using a cheap, portable instrument called digital multimeter. The DTA Digital Multimeter is a precision, battery powered, /2 digit To avoid electrical shock, use caution when working above 60VDC or 25VAC rms.
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A multimeter is a portable electronic instrument with relatively small size and weight, which combines multi-range voltage, current and resistance meter.
Most units available in the market go a step beyond those measurements, by adding transistor and diode tester, continuity tester, thermometer and capacitance meter, though units with the latter abilities cost more and tend to be less reliable than a specialized instrument for the same purpose. An electronic multimeter is the very first instrument an electronics engineer will have to buy, even before buying soldering tools such as iron, solder, and boards.
It is a much-needed instrument for everyone who deals with projects which involve electricity because it can measure most characteristics of the circuit, such as voltage, current, resistance, while at the same time it can be used to troubleshoot damaged, burned, or failing electronic equipment and parts.
Lately, the digital electronic multimeters are the vast majority of the multimeters sold, because as opposed to analog units which have a needle and a dial table, with a digital unit you can view the value to be measured on its LCD screen.
This makes the process much easier for the hobbyist but the professional engineer as well. However, an analog multimeter also got its advantages; to start with, it is preferred in some particular measuring tasks where a digital multimeter would show unreliable values.
For example, an analog multimeter could be used on some occasions to measure electrical characteristics of a capacitor, because the sudden reactions of an analog multimeter’s needle could show much to the professional technician.
Secondly, a unit with a needle is a good place to start for those who are amateurs but would like to venture deeper into the electronic field; after all, an analog multimeter gives a better sense of the values and units of each characteristic to be measured.
Thus it can be of much use in initial studies of electronics. In most multimeters, the LCD screen is a unit able to display 3. More expensive and high-quality multimeters can digitall 4. The rotating knob is technically a switch which indicates which measurement is to be taken. The surface of the front side has text which shows what is to be measured at each position of the knob.
In its various positions, each kind of measurement is divided into many maximum values; for example, the resistance measurement area would include 5 different positions, one for Ohms, one for 2 Kilo-Ohms, one for 20 KOhms, one for KOhms and one for 2 MOhms. In general, if the knob’s indicator shows towards Nultimeter 20 V, then the user will measure the direct current voltage of a circuit which is less than 20 V. Sometimes, the knob is also used as an ON-OFF switch if one of the positions indicated at the dial turns the unit off.
A digital multimeter commonly has 3 or 4 sockets on some of which the test cables will be inserted. The test cables are also provided with the multimeter what it is bought and are a red and a black cable, one side ends at a pinpoint for easy access on circuit parts, and the other is a wider end, to be slotted on the multimeter’s sockets.
Various switches might exist on a multimeter unit, depending on its quality and essentially its price; it can be switched to adjust the LCD brightness, to enable or disable audio, to activate auto-range, to hold a displayed value, etc.
Most DMMs include tiny little slots where the pins of multkmeter legs of a transistor or diode can be inserted – if the appropriate choice has been made through the rotating knob for example, pointing at transistor checkthen the screen will show relative information about the part under check. This allows for easy troubleshooting of damaged parts or for identifying the characteristics of an unknown part.
Other possible sockets are temperature sockets, in which a 2-prong thermocouple with the ability to measure temperatures dt9205q its end can be plugged. At the back of the unit, you can find the battery compartment, typically closed with a small screw. A digital multimeter operates using a 9 V brick-style battery.
5 Ways to Use a Digital Multimeter – wikiHow
The protection fuse is typically placed next to the battery, so it can be easily replaced if a mishap occurs such as wrong selection of rotating switch or any kind of short-circuit. Auto range is a feature of some high-end multimeters in the market some of which, however, are not that expensive and can be of much help to the professional.
A multimeter with such feature can identify the magnitude of the measurement and will range directly to the appropriate level of value, something which eliminates the need of many different knob positions for the same kind of measurement.
In such multimeters, there would be only one knob selection for each measurement, that means one for resistance, one for DC, etc. As a result, measuring any kind of electrical characteristic is easier, because it requires no specific selection of possible value beforehand.
In the following paragraphs I will show how each measurement can be made, so at this time I will have to explain the possible risks. To start with, you are dealing with electricity which could probably be dangerous, if not lethal. If you are not knowledgeable at all about electricity, you should rather start learning some basic electronics theory: That said, be very cautious with your knob selection before trying to take any measurement.
This will be noted later too, at the stage where you will be trying to measure AC voltage or current. I would personally avoid plugging the test cables in a wall socket of my house if I was not aware of the dangers and if I had not double and triple-checked the multimeter settings. In some measurements, you do not have to keep the device to be checked ON and running.
DTA Digital Multimeter. Measure DC /AC current, voltage, resistance, capacitance, hFE, diode
For example, in most occasions, resistance can be measured without the unit to be powered. When taking a particular measurement watch out with regards to what you are touching and keep yourself insulated against the parts with electricity flow. For example, I cannot be held responsible for any kind of damage that can and will happen to you if you touch AC socket or even large DC batteries receptacles with wet hands. Voltage is the electrical potential difference between two points and its unit is Volt V.
DC voltage is the direct current voltage of batteries and is different from AC voltage, which is the alternating current voltage supplied for home appliances through our house wall sockets.
To check the voltage between two spots, follow the next steps:. Let’s see how it would be with a car battery: The multimeter will display the voltage of the battery under check. Supposing that you have the knob at the V position, the value you will see at the multimeter screen would not have many decimals so that you could switch to 20 V instead.
If you are measuring a voltage of 22 V at the 20 V selection, the meter would either show “1” or some kind of indication for over-range. If such occurs, switch directly to the next higher value selection.
DT9205A Digital Multimeter. Measure DC /AC current, voltage, resistance, capacitance, hFE, diode
If you keep seeing a negative value, for example -5 V, you have either multimeeter the black and red test cables pin ends the wrong way, or you have connected them correctly; that means you are really measuring a negative tto, something not rare at all because there are circuits which need symmetric power supply, able to provide positive and negative voltage. Electrical current is an indication of the number of electrons flowing at any given time, and its unit is the Ampere, symbolized as “A.
To measure current in a part of the circuit, you have to interrupt the circuit and place the multimeter between the two ends. This happens because current can only be measured in serialnot in parallel as voltage is measured.
Essentially, digktal difference makes current measuring dt2905a bit harder than voltage. We make sure that the switch is at OFF position, which means the bulb gives no light at all. We know already that jultimeter bulb requires high wattage and would probably be many Amperes, so we will choose the A socket of the multimeter, sue which we will plug the red cable.
The black cable will remain at COM. Remember what we said about interrupting the circuit? Instead, we will connect the red test cable at the one end of that wire and the black test cable in the other end. Suitable alligator clips for the pinpoint end of the test cables could be useful. The second wire, going from the – of the battery to the bulb can remain as is.
The screen will show you how much current flows to digiral bulb and of course, the bulb is at this point giving light. If the measurement to be taken is of a device which consumes less power, for example, a small DC 12 V computer case fan, then we could have chosen the mA socket of the multimeter for the red test cable and the appropriate value selection of the rotating knob.
The reason that a different socket for large current exists is that inside the multimeter a larger shunt resistor is used. If jse measured many amperes at the mA area of the rotating knob, you would have burnt the fuse fo caused serious damage to your multimeter unit, and you would even be exposed to serious electricity hazard. As far as AC is concerned, the measurement does not differ from the previous method. A negative value during a current measurement means that the flow of current is the opposite of what you expected when you connected the test cables.
Resistance is a sign of how much a connection “resists” to the electron flow, which essentially means the current. Every single thing in the world has a resistance, digitql it zero, small, high or infinite.
For example, an electrically insulated material, such as a piece of wood, will show almost infinite uae to current, which means current can’t go through xt9205a. On the other hand, current can easily move through water, because water has almost zero resistance to diyital. The easiest measurement a multimeter can make is a resistance measurement. This is because there is no need to have any power on the circuit to proceed with a resistance check though there are devices whose resistance differs when under power supply.
For example, you can easily measure the resistance between two parts of your body; however, in a real lab, you would never make such measurement. Most often what you will be checking is the resistance between two parts of a circuit or the resistance value of a resistor.
A resistor is an electronic part, specifically made to increase the resistance at a spot of the circuit, thus controlling the current that goes through it, as needed for the device’s normal operation. It comes in many different Ohm values and has specific coloring stripes on its surface, so its dugital is known. If you see “1” or over-range, then you need to switch to the next higher value – if you see a too low value, you need to switch down to lower selections, so you get more reliable ude display.
If you are measuring a resistor of 1. That’s why it’s always better to measure a value at its next higher value selector. Resistance is relevant to continuity, which is also a measurement most multimeters can make.
In the continuity test, usually shown with the symbol of a diode, most multimeters will produce a “beep” sound when the 2 parts of the circuit on which the two end tips of the unit have been connected are electrically connected means the resistance between them is near zero.
Keep the cables connected as before, switch the rotating knob to ACV or AC Multimetsr, choose the appropriate value position and touch the one end on the phase and the other on the neutral or ground slot in your wall socket. I hope this muotimeter has been of help for all you enthusiasts. Please don’t hesitate to contact me with comments, questions or arguments, and thank you for taking the time to read a quite large article.
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Precautions – Safety First! To check the voltage between two spots, follow the next steps: Plug the black cable on COM and the red cable on V d9t205a of the multimeter. Rotate the knob to 20 V position at the DC voltage area. Touch the two pin ends on the two spots between which the voltage is to be measured.