EPIFISIOLISIS CAPITAL FEMORAL PDF

en españolDeslizamiento de la epífisis capital femoral (SCFE, o epifisiolisis). A good, stable connection at the hip joint is what lets us walk, run, jump, and many . En algunos niños, particularmente en los que son obesos, el hueso del muslo y el de la cadera no están conectados como deberían debido a una afección. Slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE), also known as a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), is a relatively common condition affecting the physis of the.

Author: Faukasa Shakagis
Country: Uruguay
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 16 February 2012
Pages: 287
PDF File Size: 5.42 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.85 Mb
ISBN: 606-6-29485-429-4
Downloads: 27848
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mubei

This is called the physis, and it’s made out of cartilage, which is weaker than bone. Many doctors recommend admission to the hospital as soon as the SCFE is discovered to make sure the patient rests, and so surgery can be done as soon as possible.

Prevalence, Pathogenesis, and Natural History”. Calital general, SCFE is caused by increased force applied across the epiphysis, or a decrease in the resistance within the physis to shearing. With My CHP, you can request appointments, review test results, and more. To pay your bill online, please visit UPMC’s online bill payment system. Some cases of SCFE affect only one hip, but many are eventually found to affect both hips be bilateral.

In the majority of cases, further surgery is not needed. Sometimes this happens suddenly — after a fall or sports injury, acpital example — but often it happens gradually with no prior injury. In rare cases, the X-rays will come back normal, epifisiooisis the pain, stiffness, and other problems will still be there. But in some teens — particularly those who are obese — the thighbone and the hipbone are a little less well connected than they should be because of a condition called slipped capital femoral epiphysis SCFE.

The fracture occurs at the hypertrophic zone of caiptal physeal cartilage. Sometimes this happens suddenly — after a fall or sports injury, for example.

Most teens whose SCFE is caught and treated early do well. X-ray showing a slipped capital femoral epiphysis, before and after surgical fixation.

  DIAGRAMMA DI GLASER PDF

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE) (for Parents)

A good, stable connection at your hip joint is what lets you walk, run, make that jump shot, and shake it on the dance floor. If your child is overweight and you need help developing a safe diet and exercise plan, talk to your child’s doctor. Provides prognostic information for complication of femoral head osteonecrosis. Doctors will continue to order follow-up X-rays to monitor the condition.

How Is It Treated? Case 15 Case Doctors decide how much weight can be placed on the affected leg after surgery based on the severity of the slip. Doctors decide how much weight can be placed on the affected leg after surgery based on the severity of the slip. In SCFE, the “ball” called the epiphysis slips off of the top part of the femur, almost the way a scoop of ice cream might slip off a cone. Also, the axis of the physis alters during growth and moves from being horizontal to being oblique.

Case 1 Case 1. Pinning the unaffected side prophylactically is not recommended for most patients, but may be appropriate if a second SCFE is very likely. Radius 5 miles 10 miles 15 miles 20 miles 25 miles 50 miles. SCFE is always treated with surgery to stabilize the growth plate that slipped. On physical examination she has restricted hip flexion motion, an external rotation deformity, and obligatory external rotation upon hip flexion manuevering.

A SCFE is an orthopaedic emergency, as further slippage may result in occlusion of the blood supply and avascular necrosis risk of 25 percent.

Ball-and-socket joints offer the greatest range of movement of all types of joints, which explains why we can move our legs forward, backward, and all around. To quiz yourself on this article, log in to see multiple choice questions.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

Surgery for SCFE is done under general anesthesia when a patient is completely asleep. Grading System — based on percentage of slippage.

But reaching and maintaining a healthy weight can spare bones and joints from the excess wear and tear that can weaken and damage them.

  GONGRONEMA LATIFOLIUM PDF

The diagnosis requires x-rays of the pelvis, with anteriorposterior AP and frog-leg lateral views. His radiographs are shown in Figures A and B. A child thought to have SCFE will see an orthopedic doctor, capifal specialist in the treatment of bones. One in five cases involve both hips, resulting in pain on both sides of the body.

What’s in this article? But most cases are in kids between 11 and 16 years old who are going through a growth spurt. On the AP, a line drawn up the lateral edge of the femoral neck line of Klein fails to intersect the epiphysis during the acute phase Trethowan sign. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis SCFE or capiatlslipped upper femoral epiphysisSUFE or souffycoxa vara adolescentium is a medical term referring to a fracture through the growth plate physiswhich results in slippage of the overlying end of the femur metaphysis.

He does not have a history of kidney disease. What is the most common limb length and rotational profile found as a sequelae of this condition? By convention, position and alignment in SCFE is described by referring to the relationship of the proximal fragment capital femoral epiphysis to the normal distal fragment femoral neck. Retrieved 1 December The job of the physis is to connect the femoral head the “ball” to the femur caputal still allowing the bone to lengthen and grow.

Frequent falls due to crossed legs. Learn more ways you can give.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis – Wikipedia

In these cases, a magnetic resonance imaging study MRI might be ordered. Fortunately, when recognized early, most cases of SCFE can be treated successfully. Flexion, internal rotation, and valgus-producing xapital femoral osteotomy Imhauser osteotomy. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. SCFE is the most common hip disorder in adolescence. Nelson textbook of pediatrics 19th ed.