Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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The Philosophical Context of the Metaphysics. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Views Read Edit View history. While at Frankfurt, Baumgarten wrote his most influential philosophical works: Not merely the textbook for Immanuel Kant’s lectures on metaphysics and anthropology, it fundamentally shaped Kant’s “Critical Philosophy” and through that most of later German philosophy. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations and notes, Eberhard’s insertions bumgarten the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff.

This volume offers the first full translation of Baumgarten’s Metaphysics in its fourth, edition in English, inclusive of Kant’s hand-written elucidations. Such a judgment of taste he saw as based on feelings of pleasure or displeasure. This website uses cookies baumvarten improve user experience. For information on how we process your data, read our Privacy Policy. In his most important work, Aesthetica —58he sets forth the difference between a moral and exclusively aesthetic….

Art criticism in the 18th century: Nine years later, in his Critique of JudgmentKant conformed to Baumgarten’s new usage and employed the word aesthetic to mean the judgment of taste or the estimation of the beautiful.

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Alexander Baumgartenan influential German philosopher preceding Immanuel Kant, is remembered mainly as a founder of modern aesthetics.


Contents DetailedTable of Contents. A science of aesthetics would be, for Baumgarten, a deduction of the rules or principles of artistic or natural beauty from individual “taste”. Without it, there would be no basis for aesthetic debate as there would be no objective criterion, basis for comparison, or reason from which one could develop an objective argument. In addition to highlighting Baumgarten’s own baumggarten to philosophy during this period, their translation metapphysica help scholars understand the relationship between the Leibnizian—Wolffian philosophy and Kant’s philosophy more critically.

Baumgarten resisted the idea that our mental life was best baumgaften in logical terms, and insisted that certain features of our perception most clearly manifested in our perceptions of artwork required a somewhat different philosophical approach.

Fugate and Hymers’ rich, attentive and scrupulous critical notes never make the reader feel unassisted in this undertaking.

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – New World Encyclopedia

Frankfurt OderBrandenburg. Index Outline Category Portal. Baumgarten was born in Berlin as the fifth of seven sons of the pietist pastor of the garrisonJacob Baumgarten, and of his wife Rosina Elisabeth. Kant composed many of the preparatory sketches for the Critique of Pure Reason in the blank interleaved pages of his personal copy.

Tutor and Privatdozent history of art criticism In art criticism: For, as far as their principal sources are concerned, those supposed rules or criteria are merely empirical.


Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Keep Exploring Britannica Aristotle. This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in English.

For more information, visit our exam-copy area. Georg Friedrich Meier translated the Metaphysics from Latin to German, an endeavour which – according to Meier – Baumgarten himself had planned, but could not find the time to execute.

Including Kant’s annotations in his own copy of the Metaphysica along with an illuminating introduction and extensive notes and glossary, this volume will be indispensable for all future students of Kant and Metapnysica philosophy.

Kant used it repeatedly in many of his courses and annotated it extensively. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. In doing so we would also come closer to the language of the ancients and its meaning. But Fugate and Hymers’ volume goes well beyond what we could have reasonably hoped metaphysixa.

The aesthetic metaphyscia In aesthetics: They are doing so on the basis of a false hope conceived by that superb analyst Baumgarten. The other alternative would be for the new aesthetic[s] to share the name with speculative philosophy. In so doing, he gave the word a different significance, thereby inventing its modern usage.

The philosophical context of the Metaphysics 3. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.