Los polioles, también llamados polialcoholes o alcoholes química se parece en parte a la de los azúcares y en parte a la de los alcoholes. Sugar alcohols are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, that comprise a class of polyols. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur. El Xylitol es un compuesto perteneciente a un grupo denominado “alcoholes de azúcar” o polioles. Se encuentra en la naturaleza en muchas.

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Most have five- or six-carbon chains, because they are derived from pentoses five-carbon sugars and hexoses six-carbon sugarsrespectively. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Alcohiles happens, for example, with the crystalline phase of sorbitolerythritolxylitolmannitollactitol and maltitol.

Beneficios – Polioles

Erythritol on the other hand is obtained by fermentation of glucose and sucrose. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon. The table above presents the alfoholes sweetness and food energy of the most widely used sugar alcohols.

The cooling sensation is due to the dissolution of the sugar alcohol being an endothermic heat-absorbing reaction [1]one with a strong heat of solution. They are white, water-soluble solids that can occur naturally or be produced industrially from sugars.


Some individuals experience such symptoms even in a single-serving quantity.

Food containing slcoholes increased bone density in rat studies. They are used widely in the food industry as thickeners and sweeteners. Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon Arabitol 5-carbon Xylitol 5-carbon Ribitol 5-carbon Mannitol 6-carbon Sorbitol 6-carbon Galactitol 6-carbon Fucitol 6-carbon Iditol 6-carbon Inositol 6-carbon; a cyclic sugar alcohol Volemitol 7-carbon Isomalt carbon Maltitol carbon Lactitol carbon Maltotriitol carbon Maltotetraitol carbon Polyglycitol.

Sugar alcohols do not contribute to tooth decay. As a group, sugar alcohols are not as sweet as sucroseand they have slightly less food energy than sucrose.

Polioles – Polioles

Sugar alcohols occur naturally and at one time, mannitol was obtained from natural sources. In commercial foodstuffs, sugar alcohols are commonly used in place of table sugar sucroseoften in combination with high intensity artificial sweeteners to counter the low sweetness.

Ethylene glycol 2-carbon Glycerol 3-carbon Erythritol 4-carbon Threitol 4-carbon. However, like many other aldoholes digestible substances, overconsumption of sugar alcohols can lead to bloatingdiarrhea and flatulence because they are not fully absorbed in the small intestine. Sugar alcohols also called polyhydric alcoholspolyalcoholsalditols or glycitols are organic compoundstypically derived from sugarsthat comprise a class of polyols. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.



The sugar alcohols differ in chain length. Retrieved 6 January Sugar alcohols Sugar substitutes. A Practical Handbookp. Yale New Haven Health.

They have one OH group attached to each carbon. Ethylene glycol [ citation needed ]. The Everything Diabetes Bookp. Consumption of sugar alcohols affects blood sugar levels, although much less than does sucrose comparing by glycemic index. Despite the variance in food energy content of sugar alcohols, EU labeling requirements assign alcoholrs blanket value of 2.

This page was last azucarres on 30 Decemberat This property makes them popular sweeteners among diabetics and people on low-carbohydrate diets. Xylitol and sorbitol are popular sugar alcohols in commercial foods. Mannitol Sorbitol Galactitol Iditol. Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: Unlike sugars, which tend to exist as rings, sugar alcohols do not.

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